Most advanced systems like digital oscilloscopes (DSOs), phased-array radars and 5G wireless testers require multiple synchronized signal chains that include high-speed (gigasamples per second) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs). The JESD204B interface simplifies the process for synchronizing multichannel systems using phase-synchronized device clocks and the system reference (SYSREF) for data converters (ADCs and DACs) and field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). TI’s new reference design, the Multichannel JESD204B 15GHz Clocking Reference Design for DSOs, Radars and 5G Wireless Testers, describes the requirements, setup and system performance of the entire analog signal chain.
The clocking reference design uses TI’s latest wideband phase-locked loop (PLL) with an integrated voltage-controlled oscillator LMX2594 and jitter cleaner LMK04828. This design generates multichannel, high-performance (low-phase-noise) clocks using the combination of the LMX2594 and LMK61E2 programmable oscillator.
The design has several advantages for multichannel systems:
Figure 1: Measured multichannel clock skew at 3GHz
The clocking reference design also demonstrates an accurate and time-stable synchronization system when paired with the 12-bit wideband ADC12DJ3200 running at a 2.7GSPS sampling frequency. In the “Get Your Clocks in Sync” hardware set up video, the onboard clocks of the ADC12DJ3200EVM are replaced with reference design-generated clocks, shown in Figure 2. Figure 3 shows the measured channel-to-channel skew.
Figure 2: Channel-to-channel skew measurement setup
Figure 3: Measured channel-to-channel skew and spectrum from both channels
The clocking reference design features high-performance, multichannel JESD204B clocks with better phase noise that you can use in low deterministic latency, multichannel systems. When configuring the reference design clocks along with ADC12DJ3200 EVMs for multichannel operation, it’s possible to achieve channel-to-channel skew greater than 10ps and a signal-to-noise ratio greater than 54dBFs at a 997MHz input signal.
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