TI E2E Community
Power Interface Forum
300mA to 500mA current limit needed for 5V output
I have a question for the way of current limiting.
I'm using LM2575.I'm looking for the way of limiting the current by using an external circuit.The limiting current value is between 0.3A and 0.5A. I hope for the simple expedient.
Could you please teach me?For instance, how about Fig-28 in the TL431 data sheet?
Thanks & Regards,Toshiya.
The best option will depend on what voltage you want to current limit. What is the output voltage of your LM2575 circuit?
Yes, the TL431 circuit will work as a current limiting circuit. However, using the TLV431 will be twice as efficient, as it has a lower Vref.
TI also offers a broad protfolio of current limited switches. You can look through those here: http://focus.ti.com/paramsearch/docs/parametricsearch.tsp?family=analog&familyId=423&uiTemplateId=NODE_STRY_PGE_T
Thanks for your quick response and advice. I'll use LM2575 by output=5V and input=12V.
I'll try to see the web page.
Thanks & Regards,Toshiya.
Yes, with a 5V output, you have many options.
This is really a power interface question, so I will move this post to the power interface forum. They can help recommend the right part.
The TPS2552 is a programmable current limit protection device designed for 5V rails (e.g. USB and so forth). It has better accuracy than you requested. The TPS2552 would be put on the output of the switcher.
Make sure that the switcher output ripple is well controlled so as to not have a large influence on the programmed current limit. This would be caused by large converter ripple applied to large, low ESR capacitors downstream from theTPS2552 causing large switcher ripple to want to flow through the TPS2552. In mathematical terms, Z(switcher output caps) << Z(load) at the swithcher fundamental frequency.
I suspect that you were thinking of placing the TL431 limiter on the input side of the switcher. You might find there are issues with switcher startup and input ripple current affecting the desired operation.
The switcher you have chosen seems to be a little older, considering the rapid advances in switcher ICs. A shortcut to a selector guide is through www.power.ti.com which has a quick selection tool at the top (12V -> 5V @ 1A). I found the TPS5410 there as a similar, but more advanced part. This has an internal MOSFET, and there were also controllers there that might be of interest.
Thanks for your response and detail explanation.
I think that TPS2552 is good! I would introduce TPS2552 to the customer.
By the way,I was thinking of placing the TL431 limiter on the output side of the switcher.
All content and materials on this site are provided "as is". TI and its respective suppliers and providers of content make no representations about the suitability of these materials for any purpose and disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to these materials, including but not limited to all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement of any third party intellectual property right. TI and its respective suppliers and providers of content make no representations about the suitability of these materials for any purpose and disclaim all warranties and conditions with respect to these materials. No license, either express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, is granted by TI. Use of the information on this site may require a license from a third party, or a license from TI.
TI is a global semiconductor design and manufacturing company. Innovate with 100,000+ analog ICs andembedded processors, along with software, tools and the industry’s largest sales/support staff.