It’s hard to imagine a world before smartphones. What used to be a futuristic plot on the Jetson’s is now the reality we live in. As we strive to connect more of our lives, homes and buildings, the design complexities can rapidly escalate. Learning wireless protocols and acquiring radio-frequency (RF) design experience can be an overwhelming venture. Add network security and power budgets into the mix, and you’ll quickly feel like a freshman walking into their first college lecture.
Take a home or building security system as an example. There are door and window sensors, motion detectors, smoke detectors, smart locks, and a security panel that need to connect wirelessly, comply with local regulatory requirements and perform with high accuracy at the lowest power consumption. That’s a big task to execute. But I have a few simple pointers that can help you avoid the headache and design with ease.
1. Select a platform that supports multiple wireless protocols.
A building security system may have multiple RF technologies and will often leverage multiple protocols. These are the leading players for building security applications:
You can implement building security systems using any one of these technologies or a combination of several of them. Thus, it’s a good idea to choose a hardware platform that can address multiple protocols and give you software flexibility depending on your application.
2. Address network security.
Security is a key concern, especially in building security systems. Consumers want to know that their personal information will remain protected. When choosing a wireless platform, security must be at the forefront of your decision. Let’s take a look at the security measures of the wireless protocols I just reviewed:
With each of these protocols, it’s important to assess the threats in your system and use security enablers to address these concerns.
3. Seek high performance and low power.
When designing a building security system, you have to take range and power seriously. Extending the battery life of door and window sensors, electronic smart locks, and smoke detectors helps create a positive experience with the end product. Not only do you have to evaluate a device’s receiver and transmitter current; you must also evaluate the sleep current to ensure maximum battery life.
Likewise, ensuring maximum coverage within a home is paramount. Whether it’s controlling a large number of devices within a mesh network or simply using a smartphone to control one device, it’s imperative that users can maintain a reliable connection. Output power and sensitivity are the critical parameters you need to determine the achievable range. By leveraging a large link budget, a security system will be able to cover a greater distance within a home or building.
Designing a security system can be challenging, especially when it comes to the many connectivity options, network security, and performance. With the flexibility to support Sub 1-GHz, Bluetooth low energy, Zigbee, Thread and dual-band protocols, TI’s next-generation wireless microcontrollers (MCUs) are geared to provide robust and secure solutions for building security systems (Figure 1).
Figure 1: SimpleLink™ next-generation wireless MCUs
These powerful devices feature more memory, peripherals, flexibility and processing power, as well as excellent RF performance at extremely low power consumption. As you design a building security system, keep the suggestions above in mind to unlock the most innovative designs yet.
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