The ABCs and 123s of PoE

Power over Ethernet (PoE) is a long-established – and well-adopted – power delivery technology that injects power over 100 m of standard CAT 5 Ethernet cable. This technology radically simplified installation for end equipment such as Internet Protocol (IP) phones, wireless access points for Wi-Fi® connections and IP cameras, and provides features such as power redundancy and smooth power-source transitions (also called “hitless failover”) for systems deemed critical.

With the recent ratification of a new PoE clause (IEEE 802.3bt) and the introduction of the Ethernet Alliance (EA) logo program, the PoE industry is in the midst of a significant inflection point. A new clause, Clause 145, creates an industry standard for defining how to deliver power over all four pairs of twisted CAT 5 cable. This significant industry accomplishment pushes the power capabilities of standardized PoE up from 30 W sent and 25.5 W delivered to 90 W sent and 71.3 W delivered, thus opening up the same PoE benefits to new end-equipment types such as intrusion human machine interface panels, advanced occupancy detection, industrial lighting, medical imaging, professional audio and video equipment, and digital signage.

The benefits of adding PoE to systems that already have data needs and extending its reach up to 71.3 W at the input to the load are clear. The new EA logo program extends these benefits across the entire PoE business ecosystem, including component manufacturers, system vendors and ultimately consumers. Table 1 summarizes the benefits.

EA logo benefits

PoE system stakeholder benefiting

Integrated circuit vendors

End-equipment manufacturers

System installers

End users

Ease of installation





Enhanced designer support





Improved designer perception of PoE





Reduced evaluation costs, faster time to market





Avoiding unnecessary development/lost opportunity costs





Table 1: PoE logo program benefits and beneficiaries

The new standard and logo program will enable vastly improved interoperability and cannibalize multiple proprietary nonstandard solutions that jumped in and temporarily filled the technology void while the new standard worked its way through IEEE committee work. Some examples of those temporary solutions include Power over HDBaseT (PoH), Analog Device’s Power Over Ethernet++ (LTPoE+), and Universal Power over Ethernet (UPoE).

With all of this change comes the need for simplified terminology to ease industry communication. Moving forward, the EA PoE subcommittee will refer to the technology and logo testing options according to the brands and associated programs shown in Table 2. TI has already begun incorporating this new language across its web pages and into training materials.



Clause/clause title

EA certified logo program

PoE 1

IEEE 802.3af

Clause 33:

Power over Ethernet over 2 Pairs

Gen 1 (Classes 1-4)

IEEE 802.3at

PoE 2

IEEE 802.3bt

Clause 145:

Power over Ethernet

Gen 2 (Classes 1-8)

Table 2: PoE brands and associated standards/logo testing programs

The EA PoE subcommittee chose this new language for three reasons:

  • It makes the connection between IEEE 802.3bt products and EA testing suites exceptionally clear.
  • It follows other industry-standard nomenclature such as USB x and Wi-Fi x, where the “x” indicates a specific generation of those technology types.
  • It clearly delineates between pre- and post- IEEE 802.3bt solutions, whether they have undergone EA testing or not.

Start your new PoE design today with an increased understanding the new industry terminology, and be sure to have your design EA certified.

Additional resources