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LM7481-Q1: load dump fail in 58V condition test

Part Number: LM7481-Q1

Hi Ti expert,

please have your point of view to check our schematic or suggestion.

Why input spike voltage up to 76V once load dump 58V/300ms test?  (40V/350ms no issue found)





  • Hi William,

    The spike in the waveform shared is not clearly visible. Can you please share zoomed in waveform. 

  • Hi Praveen,

    Due to board already was abnormal once pulse into the input power , it's hard to capture a zoomed in waveform to share you 

  • Hi William,

    When the load dump pulse crosses 37V which is the set OV threshold , the HGATE is pulled low to turn OFF PQ1003 and PQ1004. This will block the forward current suddenly and hence will cause huge di/dt. If there is inductance in the input path, there will be voltage generated across the inductance which is equal to L x di/dt.

    This voltage will add upon the input voltage and will be seen at the input of your system. Depending on the voltage and path impedance the TVS will clamp this voltage to a lower level.

    In this case, customer has used  SMBJ54A which has a clamping voltage of 87V at 6.9A. So, it is possible that a current of around 5A has flown through the TVS for it to clamp the voltage at 76V. 

    To reduce this clamping voltage, you will have to either 

    • Reduce the input path inductance or
    • Use a high power TVS like SMCJ which can clamp at lower voltages  for the same current flowing through the TVS.