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TPS53659: The 3+2 operation doesnt seem to work. The BPWM2 is permanently in tri-state

Part Number: TPS53659


I recently tried to enable the 3+2 operation on a self-designed evaluation-board with 5 CSD95492 Buck-Converters, which are connected as advised in the datasheet.

I set up an I2C-Communication Interface with via ESP32 (I do not use the GUI). The device is communicating without problems. All normal operation conditions are programmable per PAGE like VOUT_COMMAND and FREQUENCY_SWITCH.

The device is working with perfect interleaved PWM-Signals for CHANNEL_A, but on CHANNEL_B only PWMB1 is active with a voltage level between 0V and 3,3V. For PWMB2 the PWM-Signal is left on 1,7V (tri-state), which should only be active when the device is working in DCM-Mode or when phase-shedding is active. 

I now tried to set the registers of CHANNEL_B manually via I2C to disable DCM as well as Phase-Shedding or all Phases by overwriting the MFR_SPECIFIC-Registers to the corresponding values.

Here is a short list of my changes to the MFR_SPECIFIC_Registers:


from 1000h (default) -> 0000h (disable auto-DCM-operation for channel B)


from 0000h (was set on One-Phase, which is odd, since the second Buck-stage on CH_B is connected) -> 0001h (to force the device to work in 2Phase-Operation)  (THE COMMAND WAS ACCEPTED BUT NOT SAVED ON THE REGISTER)

The other MFR_SPECIFIC-Registers were checked to see, if the default-values still match the values in the datasheet. Here is a short list


default on 0000h -> still true when powered up


default 0185h -> bit 12 is set to 0 which should enable the 2phase operation for output B regarding the datasheet page 41 (5.2.3) -> still true when powered up


default 0005h checking if dynamic phase-shedding is active -> still true after power-up; bit 15 = 0b (DCM disabled) bit3 = phase dropping from 2 to 1 Phase disabled (0b)


returned no phase-current imbalance

The Fault-Registers did not show any activated Fault-Bits either .

I also checked the VREF-Voltage going to the Buck-converters and back through the ICSP-Pins. The voltages are correct and the Pins of the devices are connected correctly.

In the Datasheet, there is a short information in the description of the BSCP2-Pin. Here is a snapshot. (Page 5 in the Datasheet)

The description states, that the second Buck-converter for Phase_b has to be connected AND the NVM-Bit has to be set. 

I did not find any statement in the datasheet, what NVM-Bit has to be set and on which register.

This could be the problem, since the device seemingly still works in 4+1 operation but with one Phase of CH_A deactivated. But its weird, that the BPWM2 is held in tri-state.

Can someone please explain, which Bit i have to set and where?

Or could this behavior be the symptom of something else?

Best Regards, Maximilian Scholl