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[FAQ] Why is Wireless Power RX Device Overheating?

Intellectual 975 points

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There can be multiple causes for overheating in wireless power receivers. This FAQ is applicable for wireless power RX like bq51013Bbq51050Bbq51003, and similar.

Nick Brylski

Applications Engineer

Battery Chargers | Texas Instruments

Please click "This resolved my issue" button if this post answers your question

  • To determine what is causing the overheating, you should first separate the coil from receiver and extend it on wires. Only place the coil on TX and then check temperature. If the temp drops considerably, issue is likely due to AC field entering PCB, battery, or other parts of housing.

     

    To reduce AC field heating, the shield of the coil should be positioned to protect as much of the circuitry as possible (in particular, metal objects that may interfere with the magnetic field). Larger coils will do a better job at shielding the rest of PCB. Additional shielding can also be added behind the RX coil or over other parts of the housing that have a lot of metal. For shield material, consider Wurth Electronics 354002 or similar.

     

    If extending on leads does not reduce temperature, then it is due to loss in the AC to DC conversion. There could be multiple issues here. The coil could be overheating due to improper tuning of coil capacitors or DCR loss in the coil itself. See the link here on how to tune coil capacitors. In addition to tuning, using low ESR capacitors and multiple capacitors in parallel will help to further reduce the loss. At high loads, the receiver IC and other ICs like linear battery charger will also generate heat. Adding a better PCB heat sink can also help here.

     

    Temperatures should be no higher than 40C to 50C in properly tuned and shielded RX module.

    Nick Brylski

    Applications Engineer

    Battery Chargers | Texas Instruments

    Please click "This resolved my issue" button if this post answers your question