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# SN7497: Frequency Multiplier.

Part Number: SN7497

Hi i have a  TTL 4 to 5 volts signal , at 200 kHz i want to change the frequency from 200 kHz to 400khz keeping the voltage level same kindly suggest how can i do that. ?

Also i was thinking of using SN7497  provided by texas instruments to do so ? can i use this for my purpose if so i donot understand how can i use this IC , i mean i only have one signal of 200kh at a 4 .2 volts level so how can i set the remaining all inputs and Set the multiplcation rate to get a 400kHz signal ? And what about enable in and enable out and Pin Z and Y and STRB AND CAS ?

And if i cannot use this suggest kindly some other way thanks.

• The SN7497, while being called a frequency multiplier, is actually a frequency divider, as it multiplies the input frequency with n (=0-63) and divides it by 64. So the output frequency goes from 0 to f*63/64 Hz (the multiplication factor is <1) and is never higher and not even equal to the input frequency.

For raising a frequency, there are several mechanisms available. The most common (but also most energy hungry) is using a PLL (phase-locked loop) which can synchronize a self-created high frequency with a base input frequency by adjusting the output frequency by its phase in relation to the input clock edges (simplified explanation).  As a result, virtually any output frequency( or rather virtually any (even non-integer) factor between input and output) can be achieved.

A second, less precise aproach ist the frequency locked loop. Here is a generated output frequency compared to the input frequency by comapring the number of ticks of both frequencies. (e.g. numbber of output tickes during n input ticks). The actual relation between the two is compared to the configured (integer) factor and the output frequency generator is adjusted (usually in discrete steps) in one or other direction.

The AVERAGE output frequency over a certain time is the an integral multiple of the input frequency.

For exactly doubling the input there are two ways:

first, generate a sinusodial wave from the input clock. Then rectify it. You'll have a rectified sinusodual signal which can be turnedinto a rectangular signal by a gate with schmitt trigger input. The frequency is excatly double the input but it you'll have a phase shift between the common edges and the duty cycle (based on the schmitt trigger input characteristics and the pseudo-sinusodial generation) won't be 50%. This can maybe manually adjusted to come near. And the phase shift can be corrected by synchronizing the rising edge of the output signal with the rising or falling edge of the input signal.

if the input frequency is known, you can use a monoflop with an output hold time of 25% of the input frequency and trigger it with the rising and falling edge of the input signal. So the output clock will be synchronized wiht the input signal edges and the duty cyle depeds on the input duty cycle and the exact time constant iof the monoflop.

The easiest way, however, is using a 400kHz crystal oscillator (or a binary multiple of 400kHtz and a divider) and syncronize it with your 200kHz signal. There are some which allow synchronization. Or you use the reference clock signal to reset a divider fed by a clock signal that is a multiple of your desired 400kHz. E.g. use a 4MHz crystal oscillator and a decimal counter, reset it with your 200kHz falling edge (edge-triggered reset!) and use the /10 output signal. The maximum phase shift is then 5%, the duty cycle is 45-55%

The voltage level of the output dpends on the output characteristics of the used parts. You can adjust it by e.g. powering an AND gate (CMOS technology!) with the desired output voltage and feed the signal into the input. (as long as the input signal is then still in the allowed range for the CMOS chip and the output load doesn't cause a voltage drop)

In most cases, however, the exact voltage is unimportant as long as it is in the proper range (5V, 3.3V etc.) for the following circuitry.

• Hi thanks for your response, it is very helpful but i need a little guidance on how to connect my signal to a 400 kHz crystal oscillator ? and how can i synchronize it with my signal and which ic components should i use . Your guidance will be very helpful.

Thanks.

This is the first of 3 threads on the same topic. I've locked one since there's no reason to have 3... please keep responding to one of these rather than continuing to post new threads.

Jens-Michael has give you a great deal of useful information.

Can you tell us a bit about your background? Are you a student (middle school, high school, college, graduate)? Or an Electrical Engineer? A hobbyist? I don't want to assume too much about what you know and what you don't.

We can help you find the right information, but it's really up to you to design your circuit and learn how it functions.